The majority of modern Christmas traditions are very new year, and none of them have their roots in theological or liturgical convictions. The tradition of putting fir tree branches into homes was documented by Renaissance scholar Sebastian Brant in Das Narrenschiff (1494; The Ship of Fools).

It seems that fir trees adorned with apples were first recorded in Strasbourg in 1605, while the dates and origins of the Christmas tree custom are somewhat disputed. These trees were initially lit with candles in 1611, according to a Silesian duchess.

Even more modern, notably in North America, is the advent wreath, which is composed of fir branches and has four candles, one for each of the four Sundays in the Advent season. The tradition dates back to the 16th century and was first observed in the 19th century.

Christmas Celebration December to New Year

Originally, it called for a fir wreath to have 24 candles, representing the 24 days leading up to Christmas, beginning on December 1. Nevertheless, the wreath’s number of candles was trimmed to four due to discomfort. A similar tradition is the Advent calendar, which has 24 apertures that must be unlocked starting on December 1. The calendar was supposedly designed in the 19th century by a Munich housewife who was fed up with having to keep saying when Christmas would arrive.

In Germany, the first commercial calendars were produced in 1851. The placing of Christmas trees in sanctuaries long in advance of December 25 is evidence of the blurring of the traditional liturgical separation between Advent and the Christmas season, which is a result of the intense preparation for Christmas that is part of the commercialization of the festival.

New Year

Christmas to New Year in 18th Century

It became customary to give gifts to family members around the end of the eighteenth century. From a theological perspective, the feast day served as a reminder to Christians of God’s gift of Jesus to humanity, much as the arrival of the Magi, or Wise Men, in Bethlehem implied that Christmas had something to do with delivering presents. Gift-giving, which dates back to the fifteenth century, helped to shape the perception of Christmas as a secular occasion honoring friends and family. This was one of the reasons why the Puritans of both Old and New England disliked Christmas and were successful in outlawing its observance in both countries.

Christmas to New Year in 19th Century

English “Christmas” carols like “Here We Come A-Wassailing” and “Deck the Halls” are excellent examples of the custom of celebrating Christmas as a secular family celebration. The custom of sending Christmas cards, which dates back to the 19th century in England, is another example of it.

Furthermore, by designating the Christ Child as the provider of presents to the family, the Christian festival and the family holiday are connected in nations like Austria and Germany. On December 6, St. Nicholas makes an appearance in several European nations, bringing children little presents like candies and other presents. The poem “A Visit from St. Nicholas” (also known as “‘Twas the Night Before Christmas”) had a profound effect on North American culture, changing the pre-Christmas function of the Christian saint Nicholas into the more important position of Santa Claus as the provider of presents for the family.

New Year

Santa Claus is viewed as a secular figure, despite the fact that his name and clothes—a reimagining of the traditional bishop’s attire—make clear that he has Christian roots and that his job of questioning kids about their past behavior is reminiscent of St. Nicholas’s. Santa Claus sports a white beard and red swimming trunks when he spends Christmas supper on the beach and attends outdoor concerts featuring carol performances in Australia.

In line with the belief that the infant Jesus was born on the night of December 24, presents are exchanged on Christmas Eve, December 24, throughout much of Europe. In North America, however, gift-giving now takes place in the morning hours of December 25. When the family got home after Christmas service in the early hours of the 25th, they would exchange small gifts, as was customary in 17th and 18th century Europe. Christmas liturgy was rescheduled for that day’s late afternoon when the giving of presents took place that evening on the 24th.

With the exception of Catholic and some Lutheran and Episcopal churches, the morning of December 25th has become a significant family opening time in North America. This has virtually eliminated the need for church services on that day, a startling example of how cultural norms shape liturgical practices.

New Year

Given the significance of Christmas as one of the main Christian feast days, December 26 is observed as a second Christmas holiday in the majority of European countries due to Christian influence. This custom harks back to the old Christian liturgical idea that Christmas, Easter, and Pentecost celebrations ought to span a whole week. But throughout time, the celebration was whittled down to just one day, Christmas Day, and one more holiday, December 26.

Orthodox churche

December 25 is observed as Christmas in Eastern Orthodox churches. This day, however, corresponds to January 7 on the Gregorian calendar for those who still observe their liturgies according to the Julian calendar. The Oriental Orthodox communion’s churches observe Christmas in different ways. For instance, the Armenian Apostolic Church celebrates Christmas on January 6 in Armenia, the nation that was the first to make Christianity its official religion. The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church observes Christmas on January 7 in Ethiopia, a country where Christianity has been practiced since the fourth century.

Christmas is observed on December 25 by the Patriarchate of Antioch and All the East; however, on January 6 at the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem, the Syriac Orthodox celebrate Christmas in conjunction with the Armenian Apostolic Church. The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria observes its services on December 25, which falls on the Julian calendar and is Khiak 29 on the old Coptic calendar.

Christmas and new year in North America

Christmas became a global holiday when Christianity expanded beyond North America and Europe to include communities all across the non-Western globe. Since Christians do not constitute the majority population in many of these nations, the religious festival has not evolved into a cultural one. Because the inhabitants in these nations were exposed to Christianity as a religion and cultural artifact of the West, Christmas rituals there frequently mirror Western traditions.

Christmas and new year in South America

Christmas is celebrated across South and Central America according to distinct religious and secular customs. In Mexico, during the days leading up to Christmas, kids try to break a piñata filled with candy and toys, representing Mary and Joseph’s search for a place to live. In Brazil, Christmas is a wonderful summer celebration that includes fireworks, picnics, and other fun activities in addition to a somber priest procession to the church for midnight mass.

Mango or bamboo trees are used in place of evergreen Christmas trees in some regions of India, and paper stars and mango leaves are used to adorn homes. Christmas is not commonly recognized outside of Christianity. It is still primarily a Christian celebration.

Christmas and new year in Japan

Japan is an example of a different kind. The secular features of the holiday, such as Christmas trees and decorations and even the singing of Christmas songs like “Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer” or “White Christmas,” are extensively observed instead of the religious ones in that nation, which is mostly Shintō and Buddhist.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here