Christmas is a Christian holiday commemorating Jesus’ birth. Christmas, which originally meant “mass on Christ’s day,” is a relatively new phrase in English.

Christmas in diffenrent language

The Anglo-Saxon geōl or the Germanic jōl, which denoted the feast of the winter solstice, may have been the source of the older word Yule. The same phrases in other languages, such as Noël in French, Natale in Italian, and Navidad in Spanish, most likely refer to nativity. Weihnachten means “hallowed night” in German. Christmas has also been a secular family holiday since the early 20th century, celebrated by both Christians and non-Christians, without any Christian overtones, and distinguished by an ever-more ornate gift-giving tradition. The main character in this secular Christmas celebration is a fictional person named Santa Claus.

Beginning and progress of the festival

The early Christian church made a distinction between commemorating Jesus’ birthdate in liturgical celebrations and determining his exact date of birth. It took a while for the day of Jesus’ birth to be officially observed. Specifically, there was a lot of hostility to celebrating the birthdays of martyrs or even Jesus throughout the first two decades of Christianity.

A number of Church Fathers made sardonic remarks on the heathen practice of commemorating birthdays when, from the church’s viewpoint, saints and martyrs ought to be honored on the days of their martyrdom—their actual “birthdays.”

It’s unknown exactly when December 25th was chosen as Jesus’ birthday. In this aspect, the New Testament offers no hints. In 221 Sextus Julius Africanus was the first to pinpoint December 25 as the day of Jesus’ birth; this date subsequently gained widespread acceptance.

One popular theory about the origin of this date is that it was December 25 that saw the Christianization of the dies solis invicti nati, or “The traditional Roman celebration “day of the birth of the unconquered sun” commemorates the winter solstice as a sign of the sun’s rebirth, the end of winter, and the beginning of spring and summer.

In fact, Christian authors often connected the sun’s rebirth to the birth of Jesus after December 25th was officially recognized as the day of Jesus’ birth. The idea that the Christian church was prepared to casually borrow a pagan holiday when the early church was so determined to set itself apart from pagan beliefs and practices is one of the problems with this viewpoint.


According to another perspective, the creation of the universe on the spring equinox and the production of light on the fourth day of creation—that is, March 25—mark the dates of Jesus’ conception and birth, respectively, and therefore December 25 became the day of Jesus’ birth. Nine months later, on December 25, the day of Jesus’ birth was established. Jesus’ baptism on January 6 was traditionally commemorated in connection with the birth of Jesus for a considerable amount of time.

Other great festival of christian

Christmas did not achieve the liturgical significance of Good Friday or Easter, the other two great Christian festivals, but it did become extensively observed with a distinct liturgy in the 9th century. Protestant churches are increasingly Other great festival of christianlate-night Christmas candlelight services on December 24. Roman Catholic churches hold the first Christmas mass at midnight.

A distinctive liturgy known as “lessons and carols” weaves together Christmas carols and Scripture readings that tell the story of salvation from the Fall in Eden to the coming of Christ. The service has become extremely popular since being introduced by E.W. Benson and approved by the University of Cambridge.


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