Exploring Belarus Currency and Economy


Belarusian ruble is Belarus currency. In this blog we delve you about the Belarus’s Economy and its sector.

Belarus Currency

Economy and Belarus currency

The Belorussian SSR was devastated during World War II, and the intense postwar effort to rebuild the economy led to a sizable industrial sector that was dependent on the other Soviet republics, mainly Russia, for energy and raw materials. Along with significantly raising the price of those raw resources, the collapse of the Soviet Union also weakened the traditional market for Belarusian produced goods. and Belarusian ruble is accpeted as Belarus currency.

Early in the 1990s, Belarus saw a decline in production as a result. Additionally, Belarus’ transition to a market economy was slower than that of other former Soviet republics; in the years after independence, only a small portion of state-run industry and agriculture were privatized.

Belarus wanted stronger economic links with Russia in large part as a reaction to this economic upheaval. Russia continued to be a significant commercial partner at the beginning of the twenty-first century, despite the difficult state of the two nations’ ties as a result of disagreements over the cost of imported gas and oil. While this was happening, Belarus saw significant growth in both its GDP and trade with the European Union.

But the global recession that started in 2008 had a significant negative impact on the nation. Manufacturing fell off, especially in the automobile sector, and the national currency was depreciated in 2009.

Belarus Currency

forestry, agriculture, and fishing in Belarus

Large collective and state farms dominate Belarus’ agricultural industry, which employs roughly 10% of the labor force but contributes a decreasing amount to GDP. During the Soviet era, private holdings were allowed for domestic use, but despite a sharp rise in number after independence, they remained modest in size. A sizable number of collective farms were sold to state-owned or privately owned businesses in the early 21st century.

The majority of the nation is devoted to mixed agricultural and livestock production, with a historical focus on flax cultivation. (Around one-fourth of the USSR’s overall production during the late Soviet era was produced by the Belorussian SSR.) Other significant field crops include potatoes, sugar beets, barley, wheat, rye, and corn (maize); a significant portion of the grains are utilized as animal feed.

The three main types of livestock are cattle, poultry, and pigs. Since the late 19th century, significant portions of the lowland swamps have been drained; the majority of the recovered land is now used for fodder crops. In the area surrounding Minsk, truck farming and dairying are significant local industries. Belarus has over two-fifths covered in woods, which are used to make wood and paper goods. Aquaculture produces the majority of the small fish production in the nation.

power and resources

Mineral resources are typically scarce in Belarus. Belarus still relies heavily on Russia for the majority of its fossil fuel and energy needs, despite government efforts to hasten the development of its raw material base.

 Petroleum was found in the 1960s in the republic’s southeast, close to Rechytsa. 1975 marked the production’s high, and by the 1990s, when it steadied, it had decreased to one-fourth of that amount.

Petroleum was found in the 1960s in the republic’s southeast, close to Rechytsa. 1975 marked the production’s high, and by the 1990s, when it steadied, it had decreased to one-fourth of that amount.

Nevertheless, Belarus does possess one of the largest potash (potassium salts) reserves in the world, which was found south of Minsk in 1949 and started to be used in the 1960s close to the newly established mining town and center for the production of fertilizers of Salihorsk. Potash exports remained high at the start of the twenty-first century. The country also specializes in the peat sector, which is particularly abundant in the Pripet Marshes. It is used in briquette form as fuel.

 Other minerals found in the area include tiny amounts of gold and diamonds, building materials including limestone and quartz sands for glassmaking near Hrodna, and salt, an important deposit of which was discovered near Mazyr in the 1980s.

There are a few small hydroelectric power plants, but the majority of the world’s electricity is generated by thermal power plants that use pipelines for natural gas and oil. Peat is occasionally employed locally as well. Early in the new millennium, Belarus began construction on its first nuclear power plant. The Lithuanian government was adamantly opposed to the facility, which was less than 24 kilometers (15 miles) from the border with Lithuania.


During the Soviet era, military production was given top industrial priority, making the shift to largely civilian industry challenging. The processing of minerals and hydrocarbons plays a significant role in the mining and industrial sectors, which together account for more than one-fourth of GDP in Belarus.

 Salihorsk is home to a sizable facility for the production of potash fertilizers. Both the Polatsk region and Mazyr in the south have oil refineries. Both are connected to a significant pipeline that originates in western Siberia through branches, but the Mazyr facilities also refine Rechytsa oil that is produced nearby.

At Polatsk, there is also a sizable petrochemical facility. At Hrodna, nitrogen fertilizers are produced using natural gas that is pumped in from Dashava in Ukraine.

Belarus has a well-developed heavy industry. In Minsk, Zhodzina, and Mahilyow, heavy-duty vehicles, mainly trucks and tractors, are produced. Machine tools, such as tools for cutting metal, are among the other engineering items.

The 1970s and 1980s saw the development of precision manufacturing, particularly for consumer goods like radios, televisions, watches, bicycles, and computers.

Other industries operate on a modest scale, and the majority of their goods are used locally. These have included food processing, textile and garment manufacturing, furniture manufacturing, match and paper manufacturing, and timber processing.

 All this about the Economy of Belarus.


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